Truck driver distraction usually falls into three major categories:
- Visual – Eyes of driver are not on the roadway during or right before the accident
- Manual – When the heads or feet of the driver are not touching the pedals or steering wheel
- Cognitive – Truck driver is not focused on his driving
One of the most common reasons for truck driver distraction today is cell phone use. It is illegal for truck drivers to use a cell phone that is not hands-free while operating a commercial vehicle.