While 12 of the homes received a five star, much above average rating, 34 homes received one star - a much below average rating. Just over half of West Virginia's nursing homes, 50.8 percent, were either much below average or below average.
In general, for-profit nursing homes scored poorly, with national chains snagging 20 of the 34 poorest ratings. Non-profit facilities fared better.
"Our goal in developing this unprecedented quality rating system is to provide families a straightforward assessment of nursing home quality, with meaningful distinctions between high and low-performing homes," acting CMS Administrator Kerry Weems said in December.
Although the program has released nursing home rating in the past, this is the first year that the five-star system has been implemented so that consumers can more easily differentiate between their choices for quality care.
Predictably, the administrators of the five-star nursing homes were pleased by the list, while the others were dissatisfied. Jesse Samples, the director of the West Virginia Health Care Association, called the data used for the rating "flawed and incomplete" and suggested that nursing homes were too different and complex to compare fairly to one another.
The rating system is based on staff-to-patient ratios, state inspection results, patient safety, environmental safety, and health-quality measurements that track statistics such as the percentage of patients suffering from UTIs, other infections, and bedsores.
Critics of the rating system say that they would like to see other types of factors included, such as patient satisfaction, daily activities, home atmosphere, and special services. However, Nursing Home Compare said that those factors are easily covered in a visit to a nursing home, while their survey strives to collect information that visitors cannot see on the surface.
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