I recently rear-ended a car in Virginia Beach, Virginia that came to a sudden stop to make a right turn, but never put their blinkers on. Who is at fault? | Shapiro, Washburn & Sharp

 A: The law in Virginia, written in the Virginia Model Jury Instructions states, “If the driver of a vehicle will affect the operation of another’s vehicle by turning or stopping, then the driver has a duty to give a visible turn signal; and/or brake light continuously for a distance of at least [100; 50] feet.”

The jury instructions are the law as would be given by a Virginia judge to a jury in a Virginia personal injury lawsuit.  If the driver did not use a turn signal or break lights for at least 50 feet in speeds up to 35 miles per hour, or for 100 feet in speeds above 35 miles per hour, then that driver is negligent.