Answering the question about which drivers owe legal duties to compensate other people for injuries suffered in a chain reaction crash is very difficult. Only a close examination of the incident will make it possible to determine where to file insurance claims.
The first driver who triggered the pile up will probably not be liable for all the injuries. In Virginia, the legal principle of contributory negligence will also factor into decisions about settling claims. Under that rule, people who are even minorly responsible for causing their own injuries lose their right to collect monetary damages from someone who is even more at fault.
The best way to know who has liability following a chain-reaction car crash is to partner with an experienced Virginia personal injury attorney who can do the investigation and analyses needed to determine which driver’s insurance company to contact.